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A New Instrument in the Fight against Doping: the Athlete Biological Passport (“ABP”). Light and Shade

SKU: 9917272022
Autore:
Garraffa Paolo
Estratto Rivista

Rassegna di diritto ed economia dello sport 2/2017

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49,99 €

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Introduced for the first time in Cycling in 2008, and subsequently adopted in other sports (such as athletics and football), the Athlete Biological Passport (“ABP”) today represents the last ‘frontier’ in the fight against Doping in sports. Passing through the failure of the WADA’s ‘testing’ approach – as ‘direct’ detection method of Anti-doping Rules Violations (ADRV’s) - the ABP has been considered as an ‘indirect’ method for ADRV’s, even though its first purpose was to monitor some physiological parameters (blood, urine) of athletes during the time, both in and out of competitions. Another issue (strictly linked to ABP) is represented by the use of one of the most diffused performance enhancing drugs by the athletes for several years: the EPO. In an era of highly sophisticated scientific techniques, it is reasonable to ask how it has been possible that the detection of EPO was so problematic. In this script we will (try to) address the intrinsic difficulties arising from the “EPO-test” (a test designed for EPO’s detection), the reasons why, in the end, such a method has failed, and the ABP is considered, today, the more effective and trustworthy instrument for ADRV’s detection. Such an instrument has triggered, moreover, a wide-ranging debate amongst the scientific community, also by going through the scrutiny of the highest- profile sports courts, including the CAS of Lausanne. The purpose of this work is to draw a first balance sheet, by highlighting its advantages and criticalities.

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26
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